Ethics and Law SIG

The Ethics and Law SIG is an interprofessional and interdisciplinary group made up of ethicists, lawyers, academics, clinicians, and other professionals who are committed to the ethical and legal provision of assisted reproduction in Canada. This SIG encourages inquiry and discussion of the ethical issues surrounding human reproduction and fertility services, as well as the legal issues surrounding assisted reproductive procedures and techniques, and in particular third party reproduction.  It is also committed to promoting awareness and understanding of the relevant laws and policies, and providing learning opportunities for its members.

How to Join
The Ethics and Law SIG welcomes members from across a wide range of disciplines who have an interest in the ethical and/or legal implications of ART services. All members must be a member of the CFAS in good standing.


Shruti Gandhi, MD., FRCP (C) - Co-Chair 

Dr. Shruti Gandhi is a physician of Indian Origin having done her MBBS from Maulana Azad MedicalCollege, New Delhi. She graduated in 1973 from the University of Delhi and after completing one year's Internship in January/1975, she started her Junior Residency in Surgery and Gynae-Obst in New Delhi. After completing the Junior Residency, Dr. Gandhi worked in India in a Government Clinic for few years.

After completing residency training, Dr. Gandhi was offered a job in an Infertility Clinic in Toronto. While working there she realized that many women of East Indian ethnic culture were suffering from Infertility and were subjected to abuse because of this problem. They were desperate to have a baby, had language and cultural barriers. Witnessing all this, she felt that she could help them since she also belonged to the same culture and spoke Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu fluently and understood some Gujarati, Bengali, etc. Most of the ethnic patients lived in Etobicoke, Brampton, Mississauga and North York regions of the GTA and found it very difficult to travel downtown. Since Dr. Gandhi also lived in Etobicoke, she set up a small Infertility Clinic in 1994 which was more accessible to the ethnic population living in these areas. In June 2008, she established a much larger state of the art facility in Etobicoke and worked there until early 2018.

Dr. Gandhi is now attached to various Medical Clinics in Etobicoke and Mississauga and continues to passionately help female patients suffering from the problem of infertility.

Shawn Winsor - Co-Chair

Shawn Winsor Law_Ethics_SIG/Shawnis a bioethicist working in clinical practice, public policy, education, and research, with a specialty in reproductive health. He has been Director of the Ethics Centres at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and Trillium Health Partners, and consults for individual and organizational healthcare clients across Canada.  Shawn advises provincial (Ontario’s Genetics Advisory Committee and Taskforce on Fetal RhD Genotyping) and national organizations (Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health and Canadian Medical Association) on bioethics and health technology policy. He is a Member of the Dalla Lana School of Public Health and Joint Center for Bioethics at the University of Toronto, and is a Vanier Canada Scholar at the Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis at McMaster University. Shawn is proud to have been founding co-chair of the Ethics-Law Special Interest Group of the CFAS. 

Kathleen Hammond, PhD - Secretary/Treasurer


I am a B.C.L./LL.B candidate at McGill’s Faculty of Law. Prior McGill, I completed a PhD in Sociology from the University of Cambridge, for which I explored the market and regulation of assisted reproductive technologies in Canada. While completing my PhD I was a fellow at the Brocher Foundation, and a fellow of the Embryo Project at Arizona State University. I have been involved with policy development in the area of reproduction for organizations including the World Health Organization. I have shared my research through many different forums, including through webinars for the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, and of course, the Canadian Fertility and Andrology Society annual meetings. In the winter semester, I will be running a fertility law course at McGill’s Faculty of Law.